PTE Writing: Crafting a Cohesive and Clear Essay

The Pearson Test of English (PTE) assesses a candidate’s proficiency in the English language across various skills, including writing. The writing section of the PTE demands not only language proficiency but also the ability to organise thoughts coherently. In this article, we will delve into the strategies and techniques for crafting a cohesive and clear essay in the PTE writing task.

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Understanding the PTE Writing Task

Before delving into the specifics, it’s crucial to understand the structure of the PTE writing task. The writing section consists of two tasks: Summarise Written Text and Write Essay. While the Summarise Written Text assesses your ability to comprehend and condense information, the Write Essay task evaluates your writing skills, including coherence and clarity.

Task Breakdown

Analysing the Essay Prompt

Understanding the essay prompt is the first step toward crafting a cohesive essay. Break down the prompt to identify the key elements, such as the topic, the angle or perspective required, and any specific instructions. This initial analysis lays the foundation for a well-structured response.

Planning and Organizing Ideas

Once the prompt is understood, take a moment to brainstorm and organise your ideas. Create a rough outline that includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Clearly identify the main points you want to convey and the supporting details for each.

Crafting a Cohesive Essay


The introduction serves as the roadmap for your essay. Start with a hook to capture the reader’s attention, followed by a clear thesis statement that outlines the main idea of your essay. Keep it concise and to the point, setting the tone for the rest of your writing.

Body Paragraphs

Each body paragraph should focus on a specific idea or argument, logically connected to the thesis. Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence, followed by supporting details and examples. Ensure a smooth transition between paragraphs to maintain coherence.

Coherence through Linking Devices

Use appropriate linking words and phrases to establish connections between sentences and paragraphs. Words like “however,” “furthermore,” and “therefore” guide the reader through your essay, creating a seamless flow of ideas. This enhances the overall coherence of your writing.

Addressing Counter Arguments

To strengthen your essay, acknowledge and address potential counterarguments. This demonstrates a nuanced understanding of the topic and adds depth to your analysis. Incorporate counter arguments within your body paragraphs and skillfully refute them to solidify your position.

Ensuring Clarity

Clarity in Expression

Avoid ambiguity and ensure clarity in your expression. Choose precise and relevant vocabulary, and structure your sentences in a way that leaves no room for misinterpretation. Aim for a balance between complexity and clarity to showcase your language proficiency.

Proofreading and Editing

Allocate time for proofreading and editing your essay. Check for grammatical errors, sentence structure, and overall coherence. Reading your essay aloud can help identify awkward phrasing or unclear passages. This final step ensures a polished and well-presented piece of writing.

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Crafting a cohesive and clear essay in the PTE writing task requires a combination of strategic planning, effective organisation, and attention to detail. By understanding the task, breaking down the prompt, and employing proper writing techniques, test-takers can significantly enhance their performance in this section. Practise these strategies to master the art of conveying ideas in a coherent and clear manner, ultimately boosting your PTE writing score.