PTE Sample Questions

Reading

1) The idea of net neutrality is neither new nor originated nor limited to the Internet. Think of the electric network grid, we all get the same electricity whether we plug in our electrical outlets at homes or offices. The cardinal rule behind neutrality suggests that there should not be any discrimination among devices we plug- in hence all gadgets work equally well.

Similarly, all data transmitted through the internet must be in the same order in which they were received and cannot be discriminated against. While working on network neutrality research paper, broadband discrimination in 2010 Mr. Tim Wu an American academician coined the net neutrality term and later on propagated this theme, which became the major component of federal net neutrality rule in the USA.

Net neutrality means broadband network providers maintain neutrality and debarred to the rank data travelling through their network. According to the net neutrality framework, data of prospective enterprises should be allowed to travel without any roadblocks or shortcuts by telecom operators. However, in absence of a net neutrality, network providers can discriminate and decide the speed and quality of transmitted data at their will. Net neutrality means non-discriminatory net availability without differential tariffs, where all enterprises, big or small, have a level playing field and consumers are not compartmentalized or discriminated against.

According to the passage, under the Net neutrality framework:

  1. Telecom operators cannot provide discriminatory prices for their clients.
  2. Telecom operators can apply discriminatory prices for their clients.
  3. Telecom operators can provide differential prices for different categories of clients.
  4. Based on client’s need telecom operators can provide discriminatory prices.

 

 

2) It is scientifically proven that tomato and processed tomato products like tomato sauce and canned tomatoes provide protection against certain types of cancer. Tomato contains lycopene, a bright red pigment which imparts the red colour to the tomato. Lycopene has cancer preventing properties.

On the one hand, some horticultural and fruit products lose their nutritional quality( such as vitamin C, vitamin B12)during cooking and processing while tomato and processed tomato products increase nutritional value(add the concentration of lycopene) during processing and cooking. The reason is that lycopene is insoluble in water but soluble in fat and is tightly bound to vegetable fiber.

Cooking and crushing tomatoes in the canning process increases concentration of lycopene hence processed tomato products such as sauce, pasteurized tomato juice, tomato paste and ketchup contain four times more lycopene than fresh tomatoes.

Fat soluble properties of lycopene enable its better absorption from the digestive tract into the bloodstream when accompanied by oil hence tomato and processed tomato products are helping to fight cancer.

Which ones of the following are true in the case of Lycopene?

(A) Lycopene is a cancer-preventing substance.

(B) Lycopene lost its nutritional and cancer preventing properties during cooking and processing.

(C) Fat-soluble properties of lycopene enable its better absorption from the digestive system to the bloodstream when used with oil.

(D) Lycopene imparts the red colour to tomato.

(E) Lycopene is water soluble in nature.

 

Writing

 

1) Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Humankind has an innate desire to liberate itself from the restriction of mundane existence. Some people follow the paths of spirituality, prayer, meditation while other people follow the paths of art, music, sexual passion or intoxicating substances to experience a temporary altered state of consciousness. Since the advent of civilization (Neolithic age), alcohol as an intoxicating substance has been used by Homosapien for fantasies. Liminality is the quality of ambiguity that occurs in the middle stage of rituals (transition) when participants no longer hold their pre-ritual original status and do not reach the final post ritual status. Liminality is associated with tension and danger. Similarly, as a human being, we are also passing through life-cycle, lifestyle, and habitual transition in our lives. The life-cycle events involve major transformation, a source of anxiety and fear for the human. Alcohol drinking provides a liminal period (a way of passing from the ordered regulation of one form of social context to the less-ordered form of another one) borderline interval segregated from everyday mundane existence.

These ceremonial events (life-cycle, lifestyle, and habitual transition) with their accompanying drinking patterns provide relief to drinkers from the daily boredom and frustrations of life and ease of social tensions. Dissolving hierarchical social classes and gender differences on ceremonial occasions, alcohol is associated with recreation, festivity, and spontaneity.

Alcohol is used in life-cycle transitions, lifestyle transitions, and habitual transitions by humankind. Drinking, as a symbolic punctuation mark in our lives, differentiates one social context from another from the cradle to the grave. Drinks define significant transitions in our lives through their symbolic, psychological and social functions of transition rituals. The type of brand served for drinks defines the nature of the event; build the social relationship and interaction among drinkers.

 

 

 

 

 

2) You will have 20 minutes to plan, write and revise an essay about the topic below. Your response will be judged on how well you develop a position, organize your ideas, present supporting details, and control the elements of standard written English. You should write 200-300 words.

In today’s era, TV has become a very important part of life as a medium to spread intelligence and social awareness. Do you think it could have another side as well?